Ghanche is the eastermost part of Gilgit-Baltistan and is situated on the banks of the Shyok River, at the distance of 306 km from Gilgit city via Skardu. It is the coldest place in Pakistan and also known as the Third Pole with temperatures reaching below -20 centigrade. Its name is derived from a seasonal stream, called Ghanche Nallah.
It is a gateway for the great Baltoro Muztagh, the subrange of Karakoram. It includes the mighty mountain peaks of K2, Broad Peak, Masherbrum and Gasherbrums.
The area east of the Saltoro Ridge was captured by India in 1971 War and currently is controlled by India.
Chaqchan Mosque and Khaplu Fort Palace are the most interesting places for tourist in Ghanche district. Most adventureous trek is Ghandoghoro Pass at the eleveation of 5,650 meters, and trek toward base camp of Masherburm Peak.