Shalimar Garden (Punjab)
Shalamar garden, also called Shalimar garden, was built by Shah Jehan, Mughal Emperor, in 1641. This garden is one of the most beautiful architect of Mughal Empire. It was included in the UNESCO World Heritage site in 1981. The design of garden was influenced by the Shalimar Gardens in Kashmir that were build by Emperor Jahangir. It is spread on the area of 40 acres. It can be accessed by bus from Railway Station on G.T. Road.
Shalamar Garden has three terraces, Tekht, with four square design with line of fountains and big fountain tank in the centre of first and third terrace whereas second contains beautiful stake of fountains arranged in an order with a small platform in the center of the water tank and pavilions on the both sides. The first terrace is named Bagh-e-Farah Baksh and second and third terrace are named Bagh-e-Faiz Baksh. There are aramgah at the beginning and at the end of the terrace. The third terrance was normally opened for noblemen and sometimes to the public. The second terrance was the garden for the Emperor and third terrance was for the Emperor's private residency.
The Shalamar garden has the most sophisticated waterworks of the Mughal architecture. There are 410 fountains in the garden and five water cascades. In which Sawan Bhadoon and the greate marble are the most attractive. Due to its waterworks and dense shades of trees, it is a pleasant tourist spot in summer.
Garden is surrounded by a high brick wall beautifully decorated with intricate fretwork. There are domes are each cornor of each terrace. Each wall of first and third terrace main entrance in the middle.