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Sheikhupura Fort (Punjab)


Sheikhupura Fort was built in 1607 in Sheikhupura in the reign of Emporer Jahangir, designed by Sikander Moeen. It was altered in the Sikh regime and many of the decorations of buildings inside the fort have Sikh-style frescoes. It was used by Jahangir for accommodation during his visit to a hunting place, known as Hiran Minar.

Fort is located 3 km from Sheikhupura Railway Station via Jandiala Road. It is severely damaged and not suitable to visit, but by getting permission from the Punjab Tourism, it can be visited but with due care.

About Sheikhupura

Sheikhupura, also called The Rice Valley, is an industrial city at the distance of 38 Km from Lahore on the northwest side in Punjab on the old G. T. Road. Its old name was Jahangirpura developed by the Mughal Emperor Jahangir in 1607, as it was a major area to stay at the time of the Mughal Empire while visiting the military headquarters in Lahore Fort.

Its name is also mentioned in the Tuzk-e-Jahangiri, an autobiography of the Jahangir. Its name was derived from a nickname of Jahangir, who was known as Sheikhu called by his mother, wife of Akbar the Great. Sheikhupura was also known as Virkgarh due to the large number of Virk Jatts living there.

There is a number of buildings constructed by the Jahangir during his reign. In which, Sheikhupura Fort and Hiran Minar are important historical places to visit. Hiran Miran was an area for royal hunting and its name was given due to his beloved pet deer.

After the Mughal Empire, the city was under the Bhatti tribe, who were defeated by the Sikh and then the city was governed by Lehna Singh, who was strong allies of Ranjit Singh. After that the British had captured the city in 1857 from the Sikh.

Sheikhupura Fort was built by the Emperor Jahangir in 1607. It was just use for the purpose of temporary stay while the Royal movements from Lahore to Dehli. It was used by the Emperor Jahangir, while he was on hunting in this region. It is located in the center of the old Sheikhupura city. During the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, fort was used by his wife and his mother. He had also constructed some of the buildings in fort and grant. Then it was used as house arrest of his last wife after the getting the control of sub-continent by the British. Fort is in ruin and not in good condition. Most of its inner buildings are converted into ruin except the outer walls. Now fort is not opened for public to visit.

Hiran Minar was also built by the Emperor Jahangir in 1620 as a monument for his beloved pet deer. The complex was build in the area reserved for the Royal hunting. Some part of that jungle is still part of the Hiran Minar, that is available for tourist to explore the history of the Mughal Empire. In the front of minaret, there is a pavilion inside the center of large sized water pool. It is a good place for one-day picnic and there are large number of families on holidays.

Number of popular industries are in operation in the city. Two major industrial areas, Rachna Industrial Park and Quaid-e-Azam Business Park Sheikhupura, are developed there to encourage the people to establish industries in the area.

The weather of Sheikhupura is hot and dry. Summer season is much hot and warm, whereas winter season is pleasant. So if you want to explore the historical buildings of the Mughal time, then you have to plan it in winter season.

Sheikhupura Fort Map

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Sheikhupura Fort Photo Gallery

  • Beautiful View of Sheikhupura Fort

    Sheikhupura Fort is used by Mughal Emporers specially Jahangir, as a transit stay while traveling to Lahore City, or praying in the surrounding forest in Sheikhupura.

  • Sheikhupura Fort Surrounding Wall

    Sheikhupura Fort is enclosed within the more than 25 feet high wall, constructed with red bricks. Wall has chambers at the corners of the fort as well as in the center of the walls. These chambers were used to get the overall view of the city to observe all of the movements.

  • Sheikhupura Fort Main Gate

    Main gate of Sheikhupura Fort is constructed with huge wooden plunks in the center of fort. It is used to enter into fort from the main road.

  • Wall Pavilion Sheikhupura Fort

    These are the remains of pavilions on the outer wall of the fort to monitor the outside city, now these pavilions are damaged and not position to use them.

  • Haveli in Sheikhupura Fort

    It is one of the beautiful building in the Sheikhupura Fort, but severly damaged, not in position to explore its inside. This haveli was built by Ranjit Singh and remain in use of one of his wife Datar Kaur.

  • Pathway to Sheikhupura Fort

    It is pathway from the main entrace of Sheikhupura Fort used to access residentail buildings in the fort.

  • Main Entrance Sheikhupura Fort

    It is the main entrace of Sheikhupura Fort used to access residentail buildings in the fort. From opposite site, it can be used to access the open area in the fort.

  • Resident Building in Sheikhupura Fort

    It is a double storey building used for residency, added by Ranjit Singh for one of his wife.