Wazir Khan Hammam (Punjab)
Wazir Khan Hammam, also known as Shahi Hammam, was built by Ilmuddin Wazir Khan, Governor of Lahore in the year 1045, as part of the Wazir Khan Mosque. The building remained unattended or used for different purposes after the decline of the Mughal Empire.
This building is a masterpiece to represent the way of storing and circulating water in the building with a heating system for bathing. There are different bathrooms in the building indenting for different purposes and requirements such as private baths, public baths, etc. Each bath has a splendid system of water circulation for bath and heating under the floor to warm the water.
Lahore, the capital city of Punjab, is the most populous and second-largest city in the northeast part of Punjab province in Pakistan on the border with India at Wagha. It is located on the bank of River Ravi at a height of 213 meters above sea level.
It is linked with the rest of Pakistan and accessed by all types of transportation. It is the major city to access all of the cities and towns of Punjab province. It has the largest railway station in Pakistan. Allam Iqbal International airport is used for all types of international and local flights.
Lahore is the historic cultural hub of the Punjab region and was served as the capital city for a number of years under the Mughal emperors, the Sikh Empire under the rule of Ranjit Singh, and provincial capital in British rule. It is famous for a number of historic buildings and parks, i.e. Shalimar garden, Shahi fort or Lahore fort, Badshah mosque, etc. These historical buildings are now managed by Unesco world heritage to preserve them for the next generation. Sheesh Mahal is one of the beautiful architectural Mughal construction with mirror and tile work, and it attracts a number of tourists from all over the world. Historical G.T. Road, constructed by Sher Shah Suri in the 16th century, was used to establish a link between Calcutta and Kabul. Lahore museum has a splendid collection of historical linkages of Lahore and the sub-continent. Minar-e-Pakistan was a beautifully constructed building in memory of the Pakistan Resolution on 23 March 1940. Allam Muhammad Iqbal, who gave the idea of Pakistan, was buried near Badshahi mosque.
It is also known as a walled city in the times of the Mughal Empire. Some remains of those walls and splendid gates still attract a number of tourists to Lahore, Pakistan. Shahi fort was served as the front-end defense of the city.
The City of Lahore also attracts a number of visitors from all over the country as well as foreign tourists to visit a number of beautiful parks and gardens in the city. Jallo Park, race-course park, and Jinnah garden are the most famous parks.
It is also famous for the largest number of educational institutes in Pakistan. The University of Punjab is one of the main universities there, which produces a number of graduates every year. A number of great leaders before the independence of Pakistan had studied in the Government College, Lahore.
Nowadays, Lahore is represented as a modern city, with organized towns, restaurants, and shopping centers, in Gulberg, Model Town, and other societies. People love to enjoy visiting these shopping centers and normally take dinner in restaurants late at night.
Lahori people are cooperative and polite in manner. They welcome outsiders with great hearts and enjoy offering them meals. They are not conservative and respect the opinion of others. Most of the people living there have belonged to the surrounding cities, so they are not actual residents of Lahore. The actual residents of Lahore are living inside the walled city or other old colonies around the walled city.
Ideal time to visit Lahore
Spring season is the ideal time to visit the city. At that time, visitors can enjoy thousands of various color flowers everywhere, especially in public parks. The fragrance of these flowers can be felt in the atmosphere, which attracts a number of local visitors too. Local tourists from the surrounding cities can arrange a one-day tour with their families. Fully luxurious hotels and restaurants are available for tourists from other cities as well as foreigners.
Wazir Khan Hammam Map
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Wazir Khan Hammam Photo Gallery
Wazir Khan Water Outside View
Wazir Khan Hammam building was built by using bricks and exterior of the building was well finished by same bricks. The present building is not the complete original, the half part of the building was destroyed in past in British regime.
Wazir Khan Water Reserviour
In Wazir Khan Hammam, there was a splendid system of water reserviour under the ground, from there water was moved for different purposes.
Wazir Khan Hammam Main Hall Dome
The main hall of the Wazir Khan Hammam has a turnip shape dome on octagon structure with ventilation system on the top of dome and window at each octagon side.
Wazir Khan Hammam Private Bathroom
There were private bathrooms for bath purpose in Wazir Khan Hammam, where one person took bath at a time.
Wazir Khan Hammam Roof Top
At the top roof of Wazir Khan Hammam, you see the main hall dome and the air ventilation system conopies.
Wazir Khan Hammam Main Hall
The main hall of Wazir Khan Hammam is used for wash.
Wazir Khan Hammam Roof Interior
The interior of Wazir Khan Hammam is masterpiece of mughal design.
Wazir Khan Hammam Corridor
Wazir Khan Hammam Corridor is used for short stay before or after taking bath.
Coal Buring Section in Wazir Khan Hammam
In Wazir Khan Hammam, coal is used in heating system to heat the water for bath.
Wazir Khan Hammam Bath Floor
In Wazir Khan Hammam, a very unique heating system was used to have hot bath, the structure of floor above the heating system is shown in picture by excavating the site.