Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa it the third largest province by population in the northwest of Pakistan. It has well defined history of Hinduism and Buddhism, it was once a part of Gandhara Kingdom, the ruins of its capital Pushkalavati found near Charsadda.
Khyber Pass is an historical pass in the Hindu Kush Range and was merchants route in the Indus Valley Civilization in 3300 BC. Still this Khyber Pass is used as a trade route between Pakistan and Afghanistan. In Mughal Regime, this area was partially under the control of Pashtun Emperor, Sher Shah Suri and some other tribes.
Khyber Paktoonkhwa is located on Iranian Plateau and is composed the junction where the Hindu Kush range slopes on the Eurasian Plate, to create a way to the Indus Water. The northern side is normally cold and snowy in winters and pleasant in summers, whereas southern part is arid and hot in summers and cold and rainy in winters. This area stretches from the Sulaiman Mountains to the Indus River.
There are number of beautiful valleys in Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa such as Swat, Chitral, Kaghan, Abbottabad, etc, which are well known attraction for tourist in this province.