Sindh is the third largest province by area, whereas by area, its number is second. It is situated in the southeast region of Pakistan. The importance of Sindh is the sea port in Karachi, which is hub for international trade in Pakistan.
Its landscape consists of alluvial plains along the Indus River, on the eastern part, the most of the land is within the Thar Desert, and the mountaineous area in the western part is known as the Kirthar Mountains.
The climate of Sindh is normally hot in summers and mild in winters.
Sindh was also remained part of the Indus Valley Civilization in 3000 BC, its remainss were discovered in Moan-jo-Daro and Harappa, which shows the well organized civilization at that time. Muhammad bin Qasim conquered it in 711 and introduced Islam in Sub-Continent, and it became a state in the Umayyad Caliphate. Then it remained part of the Mughal Empire.