Hyderabad, the second largest city of Sindh, is located at the distance of 150 km from Karachi on the left bank of the Indus River on National Highway N-5. It was founded by Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro in 1768 during the Kalhora dynasty.
Hyderabad is bounded by Jamshoro, Matiari, Tando Allahyar, Tando Muhammad Khan, and Thatta districts. The National Highway N-5 runs across the center of the district. It is also linked with Karachi via Karachi - Hyderabad Motorway M-9. City was named in the honour of forth caliph of Islam, Hazrat Ali. Indus Highway N-55 also connects with National Highway N-5 as well as Karachi-Hyderabad Motorway M-9 to access the district. It is also located on the Lahore-Karachi Railway track.
The city was named in the honour of the fourth caliph, Hazrat Ali cousin of the Prophet Muhammad. Due to change of the Indus River course in the 1750s, floods became common in Khudadad, the capital of Kalhora dynasty, so they had to settle in a new location near the Hyderabad region in 1768. As they mostly belonged to Shia sect, so most of the devotees of Imam Ali suggested the name city as Hyderabad.
Pacco Qilla, also known as Pakka Qilla, is situated in the Hyderabad city constructed by Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro in 1768. It was built with backed bricks on high mound. It was used as private residence and public court during Talpur dynasty in 1789. Most of its parts were destroyed by the British in 1857.
Tomb of Mian Ghulam Kalhoro is located in the city of Hyderabad. He was ruler of the Kalhora dynasty in 1757. He was recognized by title of Shah Wardi Khan. He was died in 1772 and tomb building was built by his son Sarfraz Khan Kalhoro. It is hexagonal shaped building with one main dome on the dome. The outer walls are decorated with fresco design and title works.
Talpur Mirs ruled over the Sindh from 1784 to 1843 after defeating the Kalhora rulers. Cubbas, also known as the Tombs of Talpur Mirs, is complex of different tombs of the Talpur Mirs of Sindh. It is located in the Hyderabad city. The large tombs are related to Talpur rulers, whereas small tombs are related to their wives. The largest domed structure contains graves of Mir Karam Ali Khan and Mir Muran Ali Khan. The graves are made out of marble inscribed by Quranic verses and different motifs. Most of the tombs are either rectangular or square in shape. Tombs are decorated with tile work with multi-color designs.
Rani Bagh, also known as Das Garden, was built in 1861 in the honour of Queen Victoria over an area of 54 acres. It was constructed as a botanical garden by the Agra-horticultural Society. It is a best place for family picnic in the Hyderabad city. It includes lush green large grounds, recreational activities, zoo, children park, as well as lake for boating.
Hyderabad is an industrial city and there are number of small and large size factories of textiles, cement, mirror manufacturing, pottery, etc. Hyderabad is famous for the manufacturing of women jewelary such as glass bangles.
Kotri Barrage, also known as Ghulam Muhammad Barrage, is lies on the Indus River between Jamshoro and Hyderabad. Its purpose is to control the flood as well as to irrigate the surrounding areas in the Sindh province. Three canals are originated from the barrage including Pinyari, Fulleli, and Kalri Baghar canals.
The weather of Hyderabad is extreme hot and dry in the summer season, but it becomes mild cool in winter season. It receives considerable amount of rainfall in the monsoon period.