Mardan (Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa)
Mardan is situated at a distance of 61 km from Peshawar on Nowshera-Mardan Road. It remained as a part of Gandhara dynasty in the past and is a part of the Peshawar valley. There are number of archaeological sites of Takht Bhai, Sawal Dher and Jamal Garhi.
The major portion of the its population is engaged with argiculture. For irrigation in Mardan, there are different streams, in which Kalpani, Baghiari Khawar and Muqam Khawar are important. All of these streams finally falls the Kabul River.
The main structure of Mardan is consisted in hills and plains. The norther side is bounded by the hills, in which Pajja or Sakra having altitude of 2,056 meters is the highest.