Gujrat - Export Oriented Economy (Punjab)
Gujrat is an industrial and historical city located between the Jhelum and Chenab rivers, at a distance of 140 km from Lahore on G. T. Road. It was a planned city in sub-continent. It is also known as the Golden Triangle of industrial cities, as it plays a major role in the exports of Pakistan. Three cities Gujrat, Gujranwala, and Sialkot are the part of this Golden Triangle. So it is also known as an export oriented economy. Due to Gujjar tribes were settled there, the town is called Gujrat.
Gujrat was on the route used by Mughal emperors when visiting Kashmir, so there were some developments in the reign of Mughal emperors. They encircled the city with a wall with five gates, and built the Gujrat Fort in 1580. Only one gate is surviced now that is known as the Shah Daula gate. There are also some historical buildings in Gujrat, one of them was a mosque constructed in the Mughal era just like Badshahi Mosque Lahore.
Gujrat is connected with other cities by road and rail. Gujrat is directly connected with Gujranwala, Sialkot, Mandi Bahauddin, and with Azad Kashmir.
Gujrat is famous for a number of steel industries including fan industry, which has a large portion of country's export. There are number of other small scale and cottage industries including pottery, textile, and furniture, which play important role in the overall exports of the country.
Gujrat was on the route used by Mughal emperors when visiting Kashmir, so there were some developments in the reign of Mughal emperors. They encircled the city with a wall with five gates, in which only one gate known as the Shah Daula Gate is survived. There are also some historical buildings in Gujrat, one of them was a mosque constructed in the Mughal era just like Badshahi Mosque Lahore.
Gujrat is famous due to its high quality fans those are also exported to other countries. It is the largest industry in Gujrat including more than 300 factories related to manufacturing of fan and its accessories. Pottery is also one of another important industry in Gujrat. It produces high and export quality pottery items and accumulates an important share in the exports. Another important industry is related to wood works and furniture. Best quality furniture is export to earn foreign exchange for the country.
Gujrat is also an agricultural area and produce most of the cash crops, vegetables, and fruits. Wheat, rice, and sugarcane are the major cash crops in Gujrat.
Ram Pyari Mahal reflects a classical and magnificient combination of Greek and Roman architecture. It was constructed by Sundar Das Chopra for his wife Ram Pyari. It is located 55 Km from the Gujrat City.
It is also a place of one of the famous saints Shah Daula, who is famous for the followers with their unique presentation and apperance. Darbar Shahdaula Pir will be a unique place to visit in Gujrat.
Another most important historical sites are the Old Walled Gates, Gujrat Fort, Baouli Wall, and Akbari Hammam.
Gujrat weather is hot in summer and cold in winter, but its hotness is not for a longer time due to due to proximity of the Azad Kashmir Mountains. So its nights become more pleasant and cool as compare to days. In winter season, temperature falls near to zero. It also receives considerable share of rain in monsoon period.
Gujrat is famous for Fan IndustryGujrat is famous for high and export quality fan which accumulate large size in the exports of Pakistan. It fans are exported to Middle East and other Asian Countries.