Jacobabad - Hottest city of Pakistan (Sindh)
Jacobabad is situated at the distance of 548 km from Karachi, which is accessed via Shikarpur by turning left from Sukkur on Jacobadad-Sukkur Highway. It was named after General John Jacob in 1847. It is a gateway to Balochistan from the north side of Sindh.
Brigadier General John Jocob was an officer of the British East India Company and commanded 36th Jacob's Horse. In 1947, he established his headquarters at Khangarh village and started to build town infrastructure around the village. He also built Begaree Canal from Guddu Barrage on the Indus River to solve the water problem in the region.
Jacobabad has common boundaries with Shikarpur, Larkana, Qamber Shahdadkot, Kashmore, Rajanpur, Nasirabad, and Jaffarabad districts. The unique feature of the district is a connection point with three provinces simultaneously. The National Highway N-55 just runs outside the district and connect with the district via Shikarpur through Jacobabad-Sukkur Highway. It is also connected with railway on Sukkur-Quetta Railway track. Jacobabad Airport is used to service local air services. An important airbase of Pakistan Army, known as the Shahbaz Air Base, is also located in Jacobabad.
Agriculture is the main profession in the district. Its land flat and leveled planes and is irrigated through four different canals from the Sukkur Barrage in Sukkur district and the Guddu Barrage in Kashmore district, and produce various crops such as wheat, cotton, sugarcane, barley, rice, etc.
Jacobabad is one of the hottest places on the earth. In summer season, temperature always remains more than 37 centigrade, where it becomes difficult for human body cool itself. The district is effected most of the global warming and climate change, and it becomes difficult for human survival there in future. The highest temperature in the district is recorded as 52.8 centigrade.
The climate of Jacobabad is extremely hot in the summer season, but it becomes mild cool in the winter season. It receives considerable rainfalls in the monsoon period.