Jafarabad, or Jaffarabad, is located on the border of Sindh province at the distance of 290 km from Quetta city and is accessible via sibi on Quetta-Jacobabad Highway. Its name is derived after Mir Jaffar Khan Jamali, who was a leader in Muslim League before independence of Pakistan and also a close friend of Quaid-e-Azam, founder of Pakistan.
Jaffarabad has boundaries with Sohbatpur, Nasirabad, Jhal Magsi, Qambar Shahdadkot, Jacobabad, and Kashmore districts. The Quetta-Jacobabad Highway N-65 runs from the district in the Dera Allah Yar town that is district headquarters. From the town of Dera Allah Yar, all of the towns in the district can be accessed using local roads. It is also connected with railway track on the Quetta-Rohri track.
Jaffarabad has a plain agricultural area and that is fertile land of Kacchi Plain and Indus Plains. These plains are irrigated through the canals originated from the Guddu Barrage and Sukkur Barrage as well as by water of tube-wells. Another main source of the water is the seasonal streams from the Sulaiman Mountain Range as well as Kirthar Mountain Range. Agriculture is the main profession of the people of the district. It is one of the districts in Balochistan that have fertile plains of the Indus River. More than 80% population lives in the rural areas, so one can see the vast areas of cultivated land in the district. Various cash crops such as wheat, rice, cotton, and sugarcane are common in this area.
Dera Allah Yar, also known as Jhatpat, is the most populous area in the jafarabad district. The urban population of the district is mostly lived in this town, whereas all other towns of the Jaffarabad district are rural type. Jaffarabad town is itself a rural town via Dera Allah Yar road then following the Usta Muhammad road. Traveling toward Jaffarabad town gives an experience of rural life of central Punjab. One can an attractive landscape of vast green fields of various crops.
Mir Jafar Khan Jamali is a close friend of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. He participated in the struggle for the independence of Pakistan and was a member of All India Muslim League. The name of district is also due to Mirr Jafar Khan Jamali.
The weather of the Qambar Shahdadkot district is extreme hot in summer season, whereas winter is cool and pleasant. It also receives considerable amount of rainfalls in the monsoon period during July to September.