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Bahawalpur - a city of palaces (Punjab)


Bahawalpur is the eleventh largest city in Pakistan by population, located in Punjab immediately south of the Sutlej River, with a splendid view of 4,250 ft long Empress Bridge over the Sutlej River. It is also the largest city in Pakistan with respect to land area. Bahawalpur was the former capital of Bahawalpur State part of Rajputana States, founded in 1748, ruled by Nawabs of Abbasi family. The Nawabs of Bahawalpur has constructed number number building for residence and defense purposes. Now these buildings of Nawabs are opened for the public such as Noor Mahal, Sadiq Ghar Palace, and Derawar Fort.

In the British regime, Bahawalpur was declared as the princely state of India in 1802 by Nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan II. On independence of Pakistan in August 1947, Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V acceded the state of Bahawalpur to Pakistan on 7 October 1947 as an independent state. In 1955, Nawab of Bahawalpur abolished the State of Bahawalpur and merged it into Pakistan. The family of Nawab is still living in Ahmedpur East in Bahawalpur, but they do not have any involvements in the affairs of Bahawalpur state. Most of the properties of Nawabs are now under control of Pakistan Army except properties which are in their personal use.

Bahawalpur is situated at a distance of 420 km from Lahore, and accessed through the motorway M5. From Kabir wala interchange on the Lahore - Abdul Hakeem Motorway, it is accessed through the National Highway - N5 through Khanewal and Lodhran.

The Nawabs of Bahawalpur also worked for the betterment of the people of Bahawalpur. Sadiq Egerton College was founded in 1886 and Islamia University started its operations in 1925. There number of schools are in operation due to the family of Nawabs.

Bahawalpur Railway Station, located in the center of city, is one of the major railway station in Pakistan on Karachi-Peshawar line. It is also a beautiful and attractive railway station in Pakistan.

Bahawalpur is a gateway to Lal Suhanra National Park with an area of 162,568 acres, which is considered as the largest nationals park in the South Asia and homeland for different type of precious animals and birds. It is located 35 Km in the east of Bahawalpur.

Another charming beauty of Bahawalpur is the Cholistan Desert, where the historical Derawar Fort is one of the most romantic places. In a desert safari, one can enjoy mild hot sandy winds of the Cholistan Desert.

The climate of Bahawalpur is dry and hot. Its weather is much hot in summer season, whereas temperature is moderate in winter season. It receives almost no rainfall, only 5.6 inch per year rain fall occurs in this area.

All of the agricultural in Bahawalpur is based on the canal and river water. Cotton, sugarcane, wheat, rice and sunflower are the main crops in this area. It is also famous for mangoes, guavas, and dates. Some of these fruits are exported to foreign countries too.

Bahawalpur is famous due to its handicrafts which are manufactured in the Cholistan Desert area. These handicrafts are Flassi, Changaries, Gindi, Khalti, and Artwork on dresses. Bahawalpur is also famous for carpets, pottery, and embroidery.

Bahawalpur Map

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Tour places in Bahawalpur

  • Ahmedpur East

    Ahmedpur East, also known as Ahmadpur Sharqia, is a Tehsil of Bahawalpur. It is an important location due to various historical and archaeological sites around it. Tourist can stay here before visiting the Derawar Fort and other historical points.
    Tourism in Ahmedpur East

  • Bahawalpur museum

    Bahawalpur Museum is located at the distance of 5 km on Medical Colony Ave Road via Railway Circular Road. It has a wonderful collection of coins, postage stamps of the former State of Bahawalpur, medals, manuscripts, documents, inscriptions, camel skin paintings, wood carvings, historical models and stone carvings, etc. of the Islamic and pre-Islamic period. There is a complete set of medals issued by State for military officers as well as for civilians.
    Tourism in Bahawalpur museum

  • Central Library

    Central Library of Bahawalpur is an old and important library of Pakistan in Bahawalpur, situated at the distance of 5 km on Medical Colony Ave Road via Railway Circular Road before Bahawalpur Museum. There is a huge collection of books around 1,05,000 in number. It is the second biggest public library in Punjab.
    Tourism in Central Library

  • Darbar mahal

    The Darbar Mahal is a historic fort located in Bahawalpur, Pakistan at a distance of 6km from Bahawalpur Railway Station through Railway Road and turn right for Girls School Road, on Darbar Road. It is masterpiece construction in red bricks and has an excellent view just like the ancient Mughalai Forts, but it is not a fort, it was a palace used by one of the wive of Nawab. Its interior construction is very attractive just representing the royal touch of princely State of Bahawalpur.
    Tourism in Darbar mahal

  • Lal Suhanra National Park

    Lal Suhanra National Park is situated in Bahawalpur District at the distance of 35 KM from Bahawalpur Railway Station in the South side. It covers an area of 162568 acres with different landscape including desert, forest, and wetland. It was established in 1972 to preserve endangered fauna and flora in the Cholistan Desert. Derawar Fort is situated in Ahmadpur East at the distance of 130 KM in the South of Bahawalpur. Chinkara, Blackduck, and Blue bull are the most immportant wildlife in the part.
    Tourism in Lal Suhanra National Park

  • Noor Mahal

    The Noor Mahal palace was built in 1872 like an Italian chateau on neoclassical lines. It is located at the distance of 5 km from Bahawalpur Railway Station, turn right from Railway Road to Noor Mahal Road. It belonged to the Nawab of Bahawalpur during British Raj, who constructed this palace for his wife.
    Tourism in Noor Mahal

  • Royal Graveyard

    Royal Graveyard, near Derawar Fort, is burial place of number of Abbasi family Nawabs of Bahawalpur state and their relatives. The graveyard is still under the control of Nawab family, so not open for public. It is only open for special guests and Nawab family members. It has number of tombs where wifes of Nawabs are buried, whereas all of the Nawabs graves are in a rectangular build in the corner of the premises.
    Tourism in Royal Graveyard

  • Sadiq Garh Palace

    The Sadiq Garh Palace is situated in Dera Nawab Sahib in Ahmedpur East at the distance of 26 Km. It is one of the biggest palace constructed by the Nawabs of Bahawalpur state. It is a three-storey building with basement. There are 120 rooms and darbar. Rooms are constructed for different purposes. There are two lifts in the building to move at the different levels of building.
    Tourism in Sadiq Garh Palace

  • Uch Sharif

    Uch Sharif is situated at the distance of 73 km from Bahawalpur in Ahmadpur East in South Punjab. Once it was at the confluence of the Indus and Chenab rivers but now that confluence has moved to Mithankot.
    Tourism in Uch Sharif